AMINO ACID - It is the chemical units that make up proteins, as they are famously called the “building blocks” of protein. Amino acids combine with nitrogen and form thousands of different proteins. However, they are not only the chemical units from which proteins are formed, but are also the end products of protein digestion. Proteins provide structure for all living things, from the largest animal to the tiniest microbe and, as such, in its various forms, protein participates in the vital chemical processes that sustain life.
There are twenty-eight commonly known amino acids. Nine of these are called essential amino acids. They are: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine. These nine essential amino acids cannot be manufactured by the body and must be obtained from food or supplements. The remaining nineteen are referred to as non-essential amino acids, meaning they can be manufactured by the body from other amino acids as needed, but they too can be obtained through supplements.
People with limited diets or have trouble absorbing nutrients often reap amino acids benefits with the help of supplements. The demand of certain amino acids increases if the body is under stress, exposed to toxins, afflicted with disease (among other factors) and, as such, requires additional intake. Amino acids are vital to vibrant health. Amino acids are utilized to make crucial substances within the body.
Amino Acid enzymes that support biochemical reactions, and hormones that influence the body’s metabolism. They are also utilized to make hemoglobin that carries oxygen through the body, and antibodies that are infection fighters that help the immune system. Amino acids even have a role in repairing muscles, ligaments, tendons, organs, glands, nails, and hair.
Moreover, some amino acids act as neurotransmitters, chemicals that play a crucial role in transmitting messages within the neurons of the brain, while others are involved in detoxification reactions and metabolic functions. Amino acids also enable vitamins and minerals to carry out their jobs properly and efficiently.